The following topics form part of the Law of Torts Unit at A2.

Duty of care

Neighbour principle; methods of establishing a duty.

Breach of duty

The reasonable man and the objective standard of care; relevance of subjective considerations.


The ‘but for’ test, foreseeability, effect of an intervening act; remoteness of damage.

Liability for omissions

Negligent misstatement

Nervous shock (psychiatric damage)

Primary and secondary victims.



© OCR 2013