Ab Initio. - Meaning from the start or beginning.
Ab Intestato. - This is a latin term meaning from the intestate.
Abetting - Examples include the encouragement to carry out the offence by calling out or shouting to the principal offender at the scene of the crime.
Absolute Liability - Some strict liability offences are said to give rise to ‘absolute’ liability.
Absolute Privilege - Absolute privilege is a defence to an action for defamation.
Acceptance Of An Offer - The unconditional agreement to all terms of that offer.
Accident Helpline Scheme - Accident compensation helpline ltd is able to undertake regulated claims management activities.
Accord And Satisfaction - Where a party agrees to obligations under a contract to be changed and replaced by new ones.
Accused - The person charged with a criminal offence.
Acquittal - This is in effect the result of the jury's decision to find the defendant 'not guilty'.
Act - This is one of the sources of law under the english legal system.
Act Of A Stranger - If the escape is caused by the unforeseeable act of a stranger, the defendant is not liable.
Act Of God - This refers to unforseeable and extreme weather conditions.
Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona - Any right of action dies with the person concerned.
Action Crimes - The components of a criminal offence are the actus reus and the mens rea.
Actual Bodily Harm (Abh) - Actual bodily harm (abh) is a more serious or aggravated assault. It is more serious than common assault.
Actual Breach - The failure to perform the terms of the contract.
Actus Reus - The actus reus consists of more than just an act.
Actus Reus For Secondary Participation - The actus reus is that the secondary party must 'aid, abet, counsel or procure' the commission of the offence.
Ad Colligenda Bona - A latin phrase meaning ' to collect the goods'
Adequacy - Consideration must be sufficient but does not have to be adequate.
Administratix - A person who is appointed by the courts to administer a deceased person's estate. The female form which applies where a woman is appointed.
Administrator - A person who manages a legal estate on the death of someone who has not left a will and has therefore not named an executor.
Admiralty Court - The admiralty court is part of the high court.
Adversarial - Court proceedings are very formal and adversarial in their nature.
Advocacy - Legal advocacy is when a lawyer or trained legal person speaks up for you.
Advocate - A barrister or solicitor representing a party in a hearing before a court.
Affidavit - A written statement of evidence confirmed on oath or by affirmation to be the truth.
Affirm - To show a willingness to carry on with a contract.
Affirmative Procedure - Statutory instruments can be introduced by an ‘affirmative procedure’ (which involves some debate).
Affray - The offence may be committed in a public or private place.
Aiding - The person who drives the getaway car for someone carrying out a robbery would be aiding the robbery.
Allocation Of Time Motions - Allocation of time motions are sometimes known as 'guillotine' motions
Alternative Business Structures - Alternative business structures will enable law firms to explore new ways of organising their businesses,and allow external investment.
Alternative Dispute Resolution - A generic term describing various methods used to resolve disputes out of court.
Anticipatory Breach - This arises where a party shows by express words or by implications from his conduct that he does not intend to perform the contract.
Appeal - This is the term used when an application is made to a higher court or other body for review of a decision taken by a lower court.
Appeal By Way Of Case Stated - Case stated appeals are appeals on a point of law.
Appeal To The Crown Court - There is a right of appeal against sentence or conviction or both. In addition there is a right of appeal on a point of law.
Appellant - The name given to someone appealing to a higher court or body against a decision made in a lower court or body.
Appropriation - Appropriation occurs when a person assumes the rights of the true owner.
Arbitration - Settling a dispute by using a referee.
Arrest - Placing a person under lawful detention against their will and denying them of their liberty for the purposes of law enforcement.
Assault Or Common Assault - An assault is defined as intentionally or recklessly causing the victim to apprehend immediate and unlawful violence.
Assignment - The transfer of an interest from one person to another e.g. A lease or goodwill in the case of a business sale.
Assisted Suicide - Assisted suicide is sometimes called 'assisted dying'.
Assisting And Encouraging. - The serious crime act 2007 replaced the common law offence of incitement with two new offences assisting or encouraging a crime.
Attachment Of Earnings Order. - This is an instruction from the court, to an employer, to deduct money from earnings to pay back a debt.
Attempt - Attempt or attempting to commit an offence was made a statutory offence in 1981 by the criminal attempts act.
Attestation Clause For Wills - Words indicating where testator/ testatrix and witnesses must sign their names.
Auction - The word "auction" comes from the latin augēre. Augēre means "to increase" or "augment".
Audi Alteram Partem - Hear the other side.
Automatism - Automatism is a defence in criminal law.