Welcome to the glossary section here at lawmentor.co.uk!

Here you will be able to navigate the entire selection of legal definitions from accord and satisfaction to zander, michael.

Ab Initio. - Meaning from the start or beginning.

Ab Intestato. - This is a latin term meaning from the intestate.

Abetting - Examples include the encouragement to carry out the offence by calling out or shouting to the principal offender at the scene of the crime.

Absolute Liability - Some strict liability offences are said to give rise to ‘absolute’ liability.

Absolute Privilege - Absolute privilege is a defence to an action for defamation.

Acceptance Of An Offer - The unconditional agreement to all terms of that offer.

Accident Helpline Scheme - Accident compensation helpline ltd is able to undertake regulated claims management activities.

Accord And Satisfaction - Where a party agrees to obligations under a contract to be changed and replaced by new ones.

Accused - The person charged with a criminal offence.

Acquittal - This is in effect the result of the jury's decision to find the defendant 'not guilty'.

Act - This is one of the sources of law under the english legal system.

Act Of A Stranger - If the escape is caused by the unforeseeable act of a stranger, the defendant is not liable.

Act Of God - This refers to unforseeable and extreme weather conditions.

Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona - Any right of action dies with the person concerned.

Action Crimes - The components of a criminal offence are the actus reus and the mens rea.

Actual Bodily Harm (Abh) - Actual bodily harm (abh) is a more serious or aggravated assault. It is more serious than common assault.

Actual Breach - The failure to perform the terms of the contract.

Actus Reus - The actus reus consists of more than just an act.

Actus Reus For Secondary Participation - The actus reus is that the secondary party must 'aid, abet, counsel or procure' the commission of the offence.

Ad Colligenda Bona - A latin phrase meaning ' to collect the goods'

Adequacy - Consideration must be sufficient but does not have to be adequate.

Administratix - A person who is appointed by the courts to administer a deceased person's estate. The female form which applies where a woman is appointed.

Administrator - A person who manages a legal estate on the death of someone who has not left a will and has therefore not named an executor.

Admiralty Court - The admiralty court is part of the high court.

Adversarial - Court proceedings are very formal and adversarial in their nature.

Advocacy - Legal advocacy is when a lawyer or trained legal person speaks up for you.

Advocate - A barrister or solicitor representing a party in a hearing before a court.

Affidavit - A written statement of evidence confirmed on oath or by affirmation to be the truth.

Affirm - To show a willingness to carry on with a contract.

Affirmative Procedure - Statutory instruments can be introduced by an ‘affirmative procedure’ (which involves some debate).

Affray - The offence may be committed in a public or private place.

Aiding - The person who drives the getaway car for someone carrying out a robbery would be aiding the robbery.

Allocation Of Time Motions - Allocation of time motions are sometimes known as 'guillotine' motions

Alternative Business Structures - Alternative business structures will enable law firms to explore new ways of organising their businesses,and allow external investment.

Alternative Dispute Resolution - A generic term describing various methods used to resolve disputes out of court.

Anticipatory Breach - This arises where a party shows by express words or by implications from his conduct that he does not intend to perform the contract.

Appeal - This is the term used when an application is made to a higher court or other body for review of a decision taken by a lower court.

Appeal By Way Of Case Stated - Case stated appeals are appeals on a point of law.

Appeal To The Crown Court - There is a right of appeal against sentence or conviction or both. In addition there is a right of appeal on a point of law.

Appellant - The name given to someone appealing to a higher court or body against a decision made in a lower court or body.

Appropriation - Appropriation occurs when a person assumes the rights of the true owner.

Arbitration - Settling a dispute by using a referee.

Arrest - Placing a person under lawful detention against their will and denying them of their liberty for the purposes of law enforcement.

Assault Or Common Assault - An assault is defined as intentionally or recklessly causing the victim to apprehend immediate and unlawful violence.

Assignment - The transfer of an interest from one person to another e.g. A lease or goodwill in the case of a business sale.

Assisted Suicide - Assisted suicide is sometimes called 'assisted dying'.

Assisting And Encouraging. - The serious crime act 2007 replaced the common law offence of incitement with two new offences assisting or encouraging a crime.

Attachment Of Earnings Order. - This is an instruction from the court, to an employer, to deduct money from earnings to pay back a debt.

Attempt - Attempt or attempting to commit an offence was made a statutory offence in 1981 by the criminal attempts act.

Attestation Clause For Wills - Words indicating where testator/ testatrix and witnesses must sign their names.

Auction - The word "auction" comes from the latin augēre. Augēre means "to increase" or "augment".

Audi Alteram Partem - Hear the other side.

Automatism - Automatism is a defence in criminal law.