Citizens arrest

when a member of the public arrests another member of the public.

A citizen's arrest, as the name implies, occurs when a member of the public arrests another member of the public. The power of a citizen's arrest is detailed in section 24A of PACE (police and criminal evidence act) 1984.  

The law states that,

1)A person other than a constable may arrest without a warrant—

(a)anyone who is in the act of committing an indictable offence;

(b)anyone whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be committing an indictable offence.

(2)Where an indictable offence has been committed, a person other than a constable may arrest without a warrant—

(a)anyone who is guilty of the offence;

(b)anyone whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be guilty of it.

(3)But the power of summary arrest conferred by subsection (1) or (2) is exercisable only if—

(a)the person making the arrest has reasonable grounds for believing that for any of the reasons mentioned in subsection (4) it is necessary to arrest the person in question; and

(b)it appears to the person making the arrest that it is not reasonably practicable for a constable to make it instead.

(4)The reasons are to prevent the person in question—

(a)causing physical injury to himself or any other person;

(b)suffering physical injury;

(c)causing loss of or damage to property; or

(d)making off before a constable can assume responsibility for him.

There is no statement you have to use when making a citizen's arrest, but you should tell the person you are arresting what you are doing and why, and what offence you think they have committed, as soon as you can. Wrongful arrest can result in the person making the arrest being sued and if there is any danger a citize'ns arrest should not be attempted, the police should be called on 999.

 

Law and Lawyers: Citizen's Arrest - a limited power

A legal guide to citizen's arrest | Rupert Myers | Law | theguardian.com

Moment taxi driver makes citizen arrest after woman tries to flee

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