Committee stage

During the stage a detailed examination of each clause of the bill takes place.

A detailed scrutiny of each clause of the Bill by the whole House would not be practicable due to the large number of elected members involved, therefore the examination is conducted by a committee. This allows scrutiny of the Bill on a clause by clause basis. Thhis stage can take anything from one meeting or go on for several weeks.

There are three types of committees for the House of Commons:

The Committee of the Whole House - for constitutional Bills and parts of the Finance Bill;

The Public Bill Committee - the most usual committee and which is made up of 16 to 50 MPs representing all parties;

and a less commonly used Select Committee.

The Public Bill Committee used to be referred to as the Standing Committee and is chosen bearing in mind the qualifications of members put forward for consideration and the composition of the House.  In other words its composition should reflect the political composition of the House as a whole including opposition and if possible minority parties.

In the House of Lords Bills will go to a Committee of the Whole House which is in the Chamber or A Grand Committee which is held away from the Chamber.

Making laws - How Parliament works |Home page

Committee stage (Commons) - UK Parliament

Committee stage (Lords) - UK Parliament

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