Criminal cases review commission

The criminal cases review commission was set up in response to the number of miscarriages of justice.

There have been a number of significant cases referred back to the Court of Appeal as a result of the work of the Criminal Cases Review Commission, (CCRC).

The Commission was set up by the Criminal Appeal Act 1995, following the large numbers of miscarriages of justice.

The Commission has the power to investigate possible miscarriages of justice and refer cases back to the Court of Appeal. The Commission has a varied and wide range of powers which it can use to investigate the cases referred to them. Under section 17 of the 1995 Act the CCRC has the power to obtain documents etc. from any public body.

The CCRC has the power to interview anyone they consider relevant to their investigations including jurors, police officers and lawyers involved in the original trials.

In 2011 the average time taken by the CCRC to deal with applications was around seven months. In 2010/2011 just under 950 cases were completed and, of those, 22 were referred to the Court of Appeal. In the same year 20 of the 33 cases which reached the appeal court ended up having their convictions quashed or sentences amended.

Non-disclosure of material evidence at the original trial appears to be the most common basis of referrals according to a report by the CCRC, but they acknowledge an increase in mistaken expert evidence.

 

Expert Evidence in Criminal Proceedings - Law Commission

Criminal Cases Review Commission | Law | The Guardian

Appeals from Criminal Cases Review Commission: Legal Guidance

 

CCRC annual report and accounts 2010-2011 - Ministry of Justice

Sion Jenkins - a miscarriage of justice?

The Criminal Cases Review Commission: Hope for the Innocent? by Dr Michael Naughton

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