Libel is defamation in a permanent form.


Libel is defamation in a permanent form for example in writing but also in films Youssoupoff v MGM Pictures Ltd (1934) and a waxed effigy in a museum Monson v Tussauds (1894).


The present law distinguishes between permanent and transitory statements but the law is probably no longer adequate due to the modern advances in technology . The Faulks report in 1975  did in fact recommend that the distinction is dispensed with. The distinction has been done away with by most commonwealth jurisdictions. However the Defamation Act 1996 did not take the opportunity to do away with the distinction.


Films are libels Youssoupoff v MGM Pictures Ltd (1934).


Radio and television programmes are libel under  the Defamation Act 1952 and the Broadcasting Act 1990.


A public performance of a play is libel under Sec 4 of the Theatres Act 1968.


A Wax effigy is libel Monson v Tussauds (1894).


Recordings such as CDs and vinyls are less easy to categorise.


Libel reform | Law | The Guardian

Defamation Act 2013 — UK Parliament

Defamation Act reforms libel law - Press releases - GOV.UK

BBC News - Carmarthenshire blogger libel case judgement reserved

Alan Rusbridger: The long, slow road to libel reform

The defamation bill is now in thrall to a politically motivated Leveson

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