Queen's speech

The queen reads the speech but it is written by the government.

The State Opening of Parliament occurs after a general election when the new Parliament assembles and thereafter at the beginning of each new Parliamentary session. The monarch is the only person who is able to call Parliament together and the State Opening of Parliament, with all the pomp and ceremony that surrounds it, is when Parliament is called together and the Queen's Speech is delivered by the Queen from the Throne in the House of Lords.

The Queen's Speech sets out what is on the government's agenda for the forthcoming session and contains an outline of proposals for their policies and legislation. Although the Queen delivers the Speech it is not written by her, it is written by the government. It is the only occasion when the three parts of Parliament, the Lords, the Commons and the monarch, come together.

The proposals in the Queen's Speech can create conflict and when all of the formalities of the ceremony are over Parliament will debate the contents of the Queen's speech. Members of both Houses will discuss how the law should be changed and debate the government's policies contained in the Speech. The intention is that the government's policies are tested and challenged and at the end of the discussions the House of Commons will vote on any amendments proposed by the leader of the opposition.  The House of Lords will debate the issues but there will be no vote.




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