Victim

A victim is defined as "a person who has complained of the commission of an offence against themselves or their property".

A victim is defined as "a person who has complained of the commission of an offence against themselves or their property" it also includes the family in cases of homicide or a fatal road traffic incident. Small businesses can be victims of a crime but not larger companies or corporations.

 

A victim can be any age and the crimes committed are of many different types from bullying to murder.

 

The affect on the victim or their families can vary for each individual. There may be physical affects that are plain to see but emotional affects can be less obvious but equally as traumatic.

 

As a victim of crime you may need to report the incident to the police for them to investigate so that the offender can be caught and brought to justice. You may also need to report the incident in order to make an insurance claim.  If the incident goes to court the victim may have to attend court to give evidence.

If the crime is reported to the police the victim is able to make a victim personal statement. This gives the victim the opportunity to say how they feel and how they ave been affected. These statements are also called a 'victim impact statement'. Such statements will be kept on file and will be considered along with all other paperwork presented. In the case of homicide the bereaved family will have the chance to make a 'victim impact statement'.

The new code of practice for victims of crime which comes into force in December 2013 will mean that the victim personal statement can be read aloud or read aloud on their behalf, subject to the views of the court, following a conviction.

 

The code of practice for victims of crime (from Dec 2013)

Victim Support

Victim Personal Statements - The Crown Prosecution Service

April Jones: Mum Coral's moving victim impact statement in full

Victims of crime get chance to speak in court under new code

BBC News - Victim Support criticises code changes

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