Welcome to the glossary section here at lawmentor.co.uk!

Here you will be able to navigate the entire selection of legal definitions from acceptance of an offer to zander, michael.

Ab Initio. - Meaning from the start or beginning.

Ab Intestato. - This is a latin term meaning from the intestate.

Abetting - Examples include the encouragement to carry out the offence by calling out or shouting to the principal offender at the scene of the crime.

Absolute Liability - Some strict liability offences are said to give rise to ‘absolute’ liability.

Absolute Privilege - Absolute privilege is a defence to an action for defamation.

Acceptance Of An Offer - The unconditional agreement to all terms of that offer.

Accident Helpline Scheme - Accident compensation helpline ltd is able to undertake regulated claims management activities.

Accord And Satisfaction - Where a party agrees to obligations under a contract to be changed and replaced by new ones.

Accused - The person charged with a criminal offence.

Acquittal - This is in effect the result of the jury's decision to find the defendant 'not guilty'.

Act - This is one of the sources of law under the english legal system.

Act Of A Stranger - If the escape is caused by the unforeseeable act of a stranger, the defendant is not liable.

Act Of God - This refers to unforseeable and extreme weather conditions.

Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona - Any right of action dies with the person concerned.

Action Crimes - The components of a criminal offence are the actus reus and the mens rea.

Actual Bodily Harm (Abh) - Actual bodily harm (abh) is a more serious or aggravated assault. It is more serious than common assault.

Actual Breach - The failure to perform the terms of the contract.

Actus Reus - The actus reus consists of more than just an act.

Actus Reus For Secondary Participation - The actus reus is that the secondary party must 'aid, abet, counsel or procure' the commission of the offence.

Ad Colligenda Bona - A latin phrase meaning ' to collect the goods'

Adequacy - Consideration must be sufficient but does not have to be adequate.

Administratix - A person who is appointed by the courts to administer a deceased person's estate. The female form which applies where a woman is appointed.

Administrator - A person who manages a legal estate on the death of someone who has not left a will and has therefore not named an executor.

Admiralty Court - The admiralty court is part of the high court.

Adversarial - Court proceedings are very formal and adversarial in their nature.

Advocacy - Legal advocacy is when a lawyer or trained legal person speaks up for you.

Advocate - A barrister or solicitor representing a party in a hearing before a court.

Affidavit - A written statement of evidence confirmed on oath or by affirmation to be the truth.

Affirm - To show a willingness to carry on with a contract.

Affirmative Procedure - Statutory instruments can be introduced by an ‘affirmative procedure’ (which involves some debate).

Affray - The offence may be committed in a public or private place.

Aiding - The person who drives the getaway car for someone carrying out a robbery would be aiding the robbery.

Allocation Of Time Motions - Allocation of time motions are sometimes known as 'guillotine' motions

Alternative Business Structures - Alternative business structures will enable law firms to explore new ways of organising their businesses,and allow external investment.

Alternative Dispute Resolution - A generic term describing various methods used to resolve disputes out of court.

Anticipatory Breach - This arises where a party shows by express words or by implications from his conduct that he does not intend to perform the contract.

Appeal - This is the term used when an application is made to a higher court or other body for review of a decision taken by a lower court.

Appeal By Way Of Case Stated - Case stated appeals are appeals on a point of law.

Appeal To The Crown Court - There is a right of appeal against sentence or conviction or both. In addition there is a right of appeal on a point of law.

Appellant - The name given to someone appealing to a higher court or body against a decision made in a lower court or body.

Appropriation - Appropriation occurs when a person assumes the rights of the true owner.

Arbitration - Settling a dispute by using a referee.

Arrest - Placing a person under lawful detention against their will and denying them of their liberty for the purposes of law enforcement.

Assault Or Common Assault - An assault is defined as intentionally or recklessly causing the victim to apprehend immediate and unlawful violence.

Assignment - The transfer of an interest from one person to another e.g. A lease or goodwill in the case of a business sale.

Assisted Suicide - Assisted suicide is sometimes called 'assisted dying'.

Assisting And Encouraging. - The serious crime act 2007 replaced the common law offence of incitement with two new offences assisting or encouraging a crime.

Attachment Of Earnings Order. - This is an instruction from the court, to an employer, to deduct money from earnings to pay back a debt.

Attempt - Attempt or attempting to commit an offence was made a statutory offence in 1981 by the criminal attempts act.

Attestation Clause For Wills - Words indicating where testator/ testatrix and witnesses must sign their names.

Auction - The word "auction" comes from the latin augēre. Augēre means "to increase" or "augment".

Audi Alteram Partem - Hear the other side.

Automatism - Automatism is a defence in criminal law.